There is a very large variety of viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites that can cause infection in humans, resulting in many different disease syndromes.
Opportunistic infections (OIs)
In uncontrolled HIV, many types of OIs can take advantage of the weak immune system and cause disease. Apart from TB, some of the many OIs we find in advanced HIV include:
These infections, and many other OIs as well, are very rare in people living with HIV (PLHIV) who are well-controlled on their ARVs. However, many OIs can still occur in other conditions which severely weaken the immune system, like chemotherapy given for cancer, or immunosuppressive drugs given in organ transplantation.
We also often see travel-related infections, which may include:
Prior to your departure, we are available to provide travel advice regarding appropriate immunisations, prophylaxis, and precautions.
Sexually-transmitted infections (STIs / STDs)
STIs like herpes, syphilis, genital warts, etc. remain common. They occur in PLHIV and other people regardless of immune status. Some have become resistant to almost all known antibiotics, for instance Neisseria gonorrhoea, the bacterium that causes gonorrhoea.